What's in it?
A number of chemicals are found in this lichen including epipolythiopiperazinediones. Xanthoparmelia in bulk powder form is a brownish color, and the taste is not bitter.
We have not come across any studies that indicate how (or if) xanthoparmelia scabrosa works in helping with erections or sex organ engorgement or any other aspect of sexuality.
I have only come across one study regarding xanthoparmelia scabrosa (see below) and it concerns me since there may be toxins in this lichen, but at the same time these toxins are able to kill cancer cells. So, not much can be said for sure till we have at least a couple of more studies.
At this point I am not in a position to recommend the use of xanthoparmelia until more is known regarding its toxicity. There are many sexual enhancing herbs and products that work well, including deer antler velvet, Tongkat-Ali extract LJ100, and extract from the herb Mucuna-Pruriens.
Natural herbal formula for male health
The herbs in Passion Rx include Ashwagandha extract, Catuaba extract, Cnidium extract, Muira Puama, Tribulus, Tongkat ali, and Yohimbe. This product also includes the herb tribulus terrestris extract.
Evidence that the lichen-derived scabrosin esters target mitochondrial ATP synthase in P388D1 cells.
Moerman KL. Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia.
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2003.
Scabrosin esters (SEs), which have been recently isolated from the lichen Xanthoparmelia scabrosa, belong to the epipolythiodioxopiperazine (ETP) class of secondary metabolites characterized by possession of a reactive disulfide bond. Colony forming assays show that these toxins are active against human tumor cell lines at nanomolar concentrations. Other members of the ETP class of toxins such as gliotoxin have been shown to induce apoptosis in cells, although the cellular target(s) of the ETP toxins is currently unknown. ETP toxins have been shown to inhibit a variety of enzymes via interaction with sensitive cysteine residues. Here we show that the typical scabrosin ester acetate butyrate induces early mitochondrial membrane hyperpolarization assessed by JC-1 staining accompanied by apoptotic cell death. The toxin lowers ATP in intact cells and inhibits the rate of ATP synthesis in permeabilzed cells. Comparison with the effects of the known ATP synthase inhibitor oligomycin B is consistent with ATP synthase as an early target in scabrosin ester-induced cell death.
Would taking a xanthoparmelia supplement along
with hoodia cause problems?
It's hard to say, but the combination would be okay if the dosages are kept low. See hoodia gordonii review diet weight loss information.