Nutrients that are found in very
small amounts in a vegetarian diet and are likely to be beneficial for
B12, Methtylcobalamin is a B vitamin often deficient in such a diet.
Carnitine plays an essential role in the integration of fat and carbohydrate oxidation in skeletal muscle
CoQ10 is used for mitochondrial energy, you can buy CoQ10-50mg here and you will see other options at 30 mg, 60 mg, and 100 mg.
Creatine dose from 500 mg to 2,000 mg a few times a week. Creatine safety increases muscle mass and makes you stronger.
Fish oils since vegetarians often do not get these highly polyunsaturated omega3 fatty acids.
Tribulus terrestris extract may be used in those whose sexual urges are diminised.
Diabetes diet vegetarian
Those who have diabetes should make sure they ingest enough omeg-3 fatty acids since they not be obtaining important fatty acids such as EPA and DHA that are found in fish.
Vegan Diet better than ADA
According to a report in Diabetes Care, a journal published by the American Diabetes Association, those who eat a low-fat vegan diet lower their blood sugar more, have lower cholesterol levels, and lose more weight than people on a standard American Diabetes Association diet. The vegan diet does not have animal products such as meat, fish and dairy and is low in fat and sugar. Researchers tested 99 people with type 2 diabetes, assigning them randomly to either a low-fat, low-sugar vegan diet (without meat, fish, or dairy) or the standard American Diabetes Association diet. After 22 weeks on the diet, 43 percent of those on the vegan diet and 26 percent of those on the standard diet were either able to stop taking some of their drugs such as insulin or glucose-control medications, or lowered the doses. The vegan dieters lost 14 pounds on average while the diabetes association dieters lost 7 pounds. An important level of glucose control called hemoglobin a1c fell by 1.2 points in the vegan group and by 0.38 in the group on the standard diet. In the dieters who did not change whatever cholesterol drugs they were on during the study, LDL or "bad" cholesterol fell by 21 percent in the vegan group and 10 percent in the standard diet group. Participants said the vegan diet was easier to follow because they did not have to measure portions or count calories.
Our thoughts: We give credit to the ADA for admitting that another type of diet works better than their diet. There is no doubt that diet has much more to do with blood sugar and cholesterol control than most doctors realize. However, vegans and vegetarians need to make sure they are getting adequate amounts of nutrients that could be lacking in their diet. These include B12, carnitine, the omega3 fatty acids EPA and DHA, creatine, CoQ10, and others.
Reasons for this way of food consumption
Increased consumption of plant products is associated with lower chronic disease prevalence. This is attributed to the great diversity of healthy phytochemicals present in these foods. The most investigated physiological effects have been their antioxidant, anti-carcinogenic, hypolipidemic, and blood sugar lowering properties. Although less studied in humans, some compounds were very early on shown to be lipotropic in animals, i.e., the capacity to hasten the removal of fat from liver and/or reduce hepatic lipid synthesis or deposits by mainly increasing phospholipid synthesis via the transmethylation pathway for triglyceride-rich lipoprotein exportation from the liver and enhanced fatty acid β-oxidation and/or down- and up-regulation of genes involved in lipogenic and fatty acid oxidation enzyme synthesis, respectively. The main plant lipotropes are choline, betaine, myo-inositol, methionine, and carnitine. Magnesium, niacin, pantothenate, and folates also indirectly support the overall lipotropic effect.